Beach camp

Area: Gaza

Camp Size: 0,52

Population Size: 84,968

Established date: 1948


The third largest of the Gaza Strip’s eight refugee camps – and one of the most crowded – Beach camp is known locally as "Shati". The camp is on the Mediterranean coast in the Gaza City area.

Beach camp initially accommodated 23,000 refugees who fled from Lydd, Jaffa, Be’er Sheva and other areas of Palestine. The camp is now home to more than 84,968 refugees, who all reside in an area of only 0.52 square kilometres.

Streets and alleys in the camp are often very narrow and the area is considered among the most densely populated in the world


Unemployment has risen considerably since the blockade was imposed on Gaza, making life more difficult for most refugees in Beach camp. Far fewer families can provide for themselves and a huge proportion of the population is dependent food and cash assistance provided by UNRWA.

At the same time, the ban on entry of cement and gravel has made it impossible for refugees to build or repair shelters. Basic hygiene is also of great concern, as 90 per cent of the water is unfit for human consumption.


On 3 April 2016, the Israeli authorities expanded the fishing area, along the southern Gaza coast, from 6 to 9 nautical miles, while retaining the current 6 nautical mile fishing limit along the northern coast. Therefore, the Beach camp fishing area remained under the restriction limit of 6 nautical miles. The diminished fishing catch has led to lost livelihoods and increased poverty.


High unemployment rates, overcrowdedness, power cuts and an instable electricity supply, a contaminated water supply and lack of construction materials are some of the more pressing challenges facing Beach camp residents.


UNRWA website